Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005
The new fire order creates a “One Stop Shop” for
fire safety legislation.
Key points of the order are:-
- Fire certificates abolished.
- The “Responsible Person” must undertake
a fire risk assessment to identify the “General
Fire Precautions” that are needed and then implement
- You must Plan, Implement, Control, Monitor and Review
your fire management, and you may need to demonstrate
you have complied with the order.
- You need to take measures to prevent fire (Fire Preventive
Measures) and measures to protect people should a fire
occur (Fire Protective Measures).
- Your fire protective measures should protect anyone
who is lawfully on the premises, plus anyone in vicinity
of premises who may be affected by a fire on the premises.
- The burden of proof for proving compliance rests with
the “Responsible Person”.
- The “Responsible Person” is either: The
employer, the person in control of premises or the owner.
Fire Risk Assessment
You must undertake a fire risk assessment to identify the “General
Fire Precautions” that are needed.
General fire precautions are defined as:-
- Measures to reduce the risk of fire occurring (fire
- Measures to reduce the spread of fire. E.g. Fire resistant
- Means of escape from fire.
- Means for securing that the means of escape can be
safely and effectively used.
- Means for fighting fires.
- Means for detecting fire and giving warning.
- Actions to take in event of fire.
- Instruction and training
- Measures to mitigate the effects of fire. E.g. Environmental
Once these have been identified, you need to take any
actions as necessary and record your findings/actions.
The government has published 11 guides to assist people
to undertake the fire risk assessment. These guides are
premise type specific. They can be downloaded free of
Alternatively they can be purchased from the
Stationary Office Bookstores at £12 per guide.
You can also consider other guidance or standards such
as the ‘B’ Document under Building Regulations
or the many British Standards such as the BS 5588 series.